UPDATED Entrance Exam Question Pattern of BSc Agriculture, BVSc & A.H. (Veterinary Science) & BSc Forestry in Purbanchal University, PU

Currently, there are various 7 Universities offering BSc Agriculture courses in Nepal among which 3 of them also offer BVSc & AH (Veterinary Science) and BSc Forestry Program and 1 of them offers a BSc Fisheries Program too.

In these 7 Universities, there are in total of 32 Colleges for the BSc Ag program, 4 Colleges for BVSc & AH (Veterinary Science) program, 7 Colleges for the BSc Forestry program and 1 College for the BSc fisheries program.

Among the 32 Colleges of the BSc Ag Program16 are government colleges whereas 16 colleges are private.

The Universities offering these Programs in Nepal are:
  • Agriculture & Forestry University, AFU (BSc Ag, Vet, Forestry & BSc Fisheries)
  • IAAS, TU (BSc Ag, Vet & Forestry)
  • Purbanchal University (BSc Ag, Vet & Forestry)
  • Far-Western University (BSc Ag)
  • Mid-Western University (BSc Ag)
  • Kathmandu University (BSc Ag)
  • Madhesh Agriculture University, MAU (BSc Ag)

Entrance Exam Question Pattern of BSc Ag, Forestry & Veterinary in PU

Physics - 15
Chemistry - 20
English - 15
Biology - 35
Math - 15
Total - 100 Marks
Pass Marks - 50 for Veterinary and 33 for Ag and Forestry Program.
You must pass this entrance exam if you want to study in Private colleges of TU in paying seats
Time: 2 hours

Also, there is a single common entrance exam for Ag, Vet and Forestry. No Separate Entrance exams, one single entrance exam works for PU.

There is a Syllabus available for BSc Ag Entrance Exams of Purbanchal University, PU. But, remember, though the Syllabus is provided, may not be followed in Entrance Exams Questions. 

1. Subject: English

Unit A: Phonological questions, dealing with phonemes, Phonemic symbols, and word stress
Unit B: Lexical Questions, Dealing with word formations and antonyms, synonyms, and one word for many words.
Unit C: Grammatical Question, dealing with the rest of the items given in the syllabus.

Each Question is of objective type with multiple choice answer which carries one mark.

1. Use of Pronouns
2. Relative Pronouns
3. Sound
4. Stress
5. Intonation
6. Subject-Verb Agreements
7. Voice
8. Narration
9. Use of tense
10. Punctuation
11. Parts of Speech
12. Causative verb
13. Linking Verbs
14. Use of Prepositions
15. Sentence Structure
16. Transformation of Sentences
17. Conditional Sentences
18. To infinitive and gerund forms
19. Question Tag
20. Synonyms and Antonyms
21. One Word Substitution
22. Use of Suffix and Prefix 
23. Word Power 
24. The expression "As IF" and "As Though" 
25. The expression "NEED" and "In Need of" 
26. Idioms and Phrases 
27. Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex 
28. Affirmative and Negative Agreements 
29. Use of Articles 
30. Analogies 

2. Subject: Mathematics 

1. Set and functions Set, type of sets, operation on sets, the law of sets, real number, Cartesian product, relations, functions and graphs, algebraic, exponential, trigonometric and logarithmic, hyperbolic functions and their inverse, basic properties of logarithmic functions.

2. Algebra Determinants and their properties, matrices, type of matrices, minor, cofactors and inverse of a matrix, use of complex numbers, polynomial equation, sequences and series, permutation and combination, binomial theorem, exponential and logarithmic series.

3. Trigonometry Trigonometric equations and general values, inverse trigonometric relations, inverse circular functions, principal values, properties of triangles, centroid, incentre, orthocenter, and circumcenter and their properties.

4. Coordinate geometry Coordinates in a plane, straight lines, pair of lines, circles, conic sections: parabola, hyperbola and ellipse, standard equations and simple properties, coordinates in space, plane, and its equation. 

5. Calculus Limit and continuity, derivative and its application, rules of derivative, rate of change, maxima and minima of a function, integration, rules of integration, standard integral, definite integral, and its application. 

6. Vectors Vectors in space, addition, subtraction, and multiplication of vectors, unit vectors, a linear combination of vectors, scalar and vector product of two vectors, application of vectors. 

3. Subject: Physics 

1. Mechanics:
  • Dimensions and Error analysis. 
  • Equations of motion.
  • The motion of a projectile
  • Addition, Subtraction, and multiplication of vectors, Resolution of a vector.
  • Relative velocity.
  • Laws of motion, 
  • Principle of conservation of linear momentum, Impulse, solid friction.
  • Principle of the moment, center of mass, the center of gravity.
  • Work, power, and energy, the principle of conservation of energy.
  • Centripetal force and its application.
  • Moment of inertia, Torque on a body, angular momentum and its conservation, work done by the couple, the kinetic energy of the rolling body.
  • Law of gravitation, Gravitational potential, Gravitational field intensity, Escape velocity, Total energy of a satellite, Kepler's law of planetary motion. 
  • Characteristics of S.H.M., Energy of a particle exciting S.H.M., Simple pendulum. 
  • Elasticity, Stress & Strain, Modulii of elasticity, Energy Stored in a stretched wire.
  • Surface tension of the liquid, Surface energy, Capillarity.
  • Viscosity of fluid, coefficient of viscosity, Stoke's law.
  • Terminal velocity, Energy of fluid. 

2. Heat:
  • Heat and Temperature, Scales of temperature, Thermal equilibrium.
  • Measurement of heat, Specific heat capacity, thermal capacity, Latent heat.
  • Expansion of Solid, liquid, and gas.
  • Gas laws, Ideal gas equation.
  • Kinetic theory of gas. Root mean square speed of gas molecules.
  • Transfer of heat, Conduction, Convection and Radiation, Stefen's law, Kirchhoff's law.
  • Relative humidity and dew point.
  • First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot's engine, Entropy.

3. Optics:
  • Formation of images by plane and curved mirrors.
  • Refraction of light through-plane surface, Refractive index, Critical angle, Total internal reflection.
  • Refraction through lenses, Achromatic combination of two lenses.
  • Visual angle, Angular magnification, Microscope, and Telescope.
  • Interference, Diffraction, and Polarization of light. 

4. Sound:
  • Damped and forced oscillation, Resonance, progressive waves, the principle of superposition.
  • Velocity of Sound in solid, liquid, and gas, Laplaces correction.
  • Beat phenomena. 
  • Doppler effect.
  • Stationary waves, waves in the pipe, waves in a string. 

5. Electricity:
Electric charge, Electrostatic induction, Surface charge density.
Electric field, Electric potential, Electric field intensity, Gauss's law, and its applications.
Capacitors, Dielectric Strength.
Metallic Conduction, Ohm's law, Resistance, Conductance, Resistivity, Conductivity, Combination of resistance.
Emf, Potential difference, the internal resistance of a cell, Combination of cells.
Heating effect of Current, Joule's law, Electric power.
Kirchhoff's law and its application.
Galvanometer, Conversion of galvanometer into voltmeter and ammeter.
Earth's magnetism.
Magnetic field, Magnetic flux, Force on Current-Carrying Conductor, Biot-Savart's law and their applications. Ampere's law.
Electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, and Lenz's law, Emf in rotating coil.
AC circuits. 

6. Atomic Physics:  
  • Discharge of electricity through gases, Cathode rays, Electronic mass, and charge.
  • Bohr's theory of atomic model, Energy level diagram. 
  • X-rays, Photoelectric effect. 
  • Radioactivity, Decay law, Half-life period.
  • Nuclear fission and fusion.
  • Semiconductors, junction diode. 

4. Subject: Chemistry 

  • The gas laws (Boyle's law Charle'law, combined gas law) 
  • Kinetic molecular theory of gases 
  • Ideal and real gases. 
  • Vander Waal's Equation. 
  • Properties of liquid 
  • Solutions 
  • Concentration of solutions 
  • Saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated solutions. 
  • Solubility and its determination 
  • Efflorescence and Deliquescence 
  • Water of crystallization

  • Fundamentals particles and their discovery. 
  • Thomson’s Atomic Model, Rutherford’s Atomic model 
  • Atomic number and Mass number. 
  • Composition of an atom. 
  • Isotopes and isobars. 
  • Bohr's atomic model 
  • de Broglie's Relation. 
  • Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. 
  • Quantum mechanical model of the atom. 
  • Atomic orbitals. 
  • Quantum number. 
  • Pauli's Exclusion principle. 
  • Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity. 
  • Aufball principle and electronic configuration of elements. 

  • Classical concept of oxidation. 
  • Electronic concept of oxidation and Reduction. 
  • Oxidizing and Reducing agents. 
  • Oxidation number 
  • Redox reactions and Electrolysis. 

  • Mendeleev’s periodic table 
  • Advantage and Defect of Mendeleev's periodic table. 
  • Modern periodic law. 
  • Long-form of the periodic table. 
  • Features of Long form of the periodic table 
  • Defects of Long form of the periodic table
  • Grouping of Elements into Blocks.
  • Bohr's classification of elements. 
  • Periodic properties and their periodic trends. 
  • Atomic radius, Iconic radius, Ionization energy, 
  • Electron affinity and Electronegativity 

  • Position of Hydrogen in the periodic table. 
  • Preparation and properties of hydrogen, Isotopes of hydrogen 
  • Position of oxygen in the periodic table 
  • Preparation and properties of oxygen. 
  • Oxides. 
  • Structure of Ozone, 
  • Ozone layers and their depletion. 
  • Composition of water and structure of water. 
  • Properties of water 
  • Hard and soft water and its removal. 
  • Heavy water. 
  • Properties and uses of heavy water.

  • Definition of organic Chemistry and an organic compound. 
  • Vital force theory and its limitations 
  • Tetra valency and catenation property of carbon. 
  • Functional group and homologous, series 
  • Meaning of empirical, molecular, structural, and contracted formula. 
  • Qualitative analysis of organic compounds 
  • IUPAC naming of organic compounds 
  • Structural isomerism and its type. 
  • Concept of homolytic fission Heterohytie fission electrophiles nucleophiles and inductive effect 
  • Preparation of alkynes and their properties with H2, X2, HX, H2O, O3, H2SO4, Baeyer's reaction. 
  • Acidic nature, Action with ammonical AgNO3 with alkaline KMnO4, and polymerization reaction. 

  • Acidimetry and alkalimetry 
  • Equivalent mass of compounds 
  • Expressing concentration in terms of Normality, Morality, and Molality 
  • Principles of volumetric analysis 
  • Theory of chemical indicators and selection of an indicators 
  • Classification of Electrolytes 
  • Arrhenius Theory of Ionization 
  • Ionization of water, solubility product, and Communion effect 
  • Arrhenius concept of acid and base 
  • Bronsted concept of acid and base 

  • Preparation of aldehydes and ketones from dehydrogenation and oxidation of alcohol, ozonolysis of alkene, catalytic hydration of alkynes 
  • Physical properties of aldehydes and Ketones. 
  • Chemical properties–Addition reaction, reaction with H2, HCN, NaHSO3, Grignard reagents NH2-NH2, Phenyl-hydrazine, semicarbazide, and 2,4-DNP. 
  • Reduction properties of aldehyde-oxidation with Tollen,s reagent, Fehling solution  Aldol condensation Clemenson's reduction Wolf-Kishner reduction Action with PCl5
  • Preparation of benzaldehyde from Toluene 
  • Chemical Properties-Perkin condensation, Benzoin condensation, Cannizzaro's reaction 

  • Occurrence and extraction 
  • Varieties of iron preparation of iron. 
  • Manufacture of steel by-Bessemer process and open-hearth process 
  • Heat treatment of Steel. 
  • Stainless steel. 
  • Rusting of iron and its prevention 
  • Biological importance of iron 
  • Structure and uses of green vitriol, Ferric Chloride, Mohr's salt. 

5. Subject: Biology 

Unit 1: Bio-molecules and cell Biology 
  • Bio-molecules: Carbohydrate, protein, lipid, nucleic acid, and minerals. 
  • Cell Biology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell organelles, cell division (amitosis, mitosis, and meiosis). 

Unit 2: Biodiversity
  • Concepts on taxonomy (definition, nomenclature, and classification)
  • Monera: Bacteria and Nostoc. 
  • Mycota: General characters of Zygomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, and Deuteromycetes; economic importance of fungi; morphology and reproduction of Mucor and Yeast. 
  • Plantae: General characters of algae (green, brown, and red), Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, gymnosperm, and angiosperm; morphology and reproduction of Spirogyra, Marchantia, Funaria, Pteridium, Cycas, and Pinus; distribution of Pinus in Nepal; morphology and taxonomy of Brassicaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae, Papilionaceae, and Poaceae; structure and economic importance of Lichens and Virus. 
  • Protista: General characters and classification of Protozoa; habit, habitat, structure, and reproduction of Paramecium and Plasmodium. 
  • Animalia: General characters and classification (up to class) of Porifera, Coelenterata (Cnidaria), Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes (Nematheminthes), Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, and Chordata; Earthworm (structure; digestive, circulatory, excretory, reproductive and nervous systems); Frog (structure; digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urogenital, reproductive and nervous systems). 

Unit 3: Biota and their Environment 
  • Ecology (definition, ecological factors, and their interactions); structure and functional aspects (food chain and food web, trophic level, ecological pyramids) of pond and grassland ecosystems; concepts of community and successions; nitrogen cycle, acid rain, greenhouse effects, depletion of the ozone layer; forests of Nepal; the meaning of rare, threatened, vulnerable and endangered species; national parks, wildlife reserves and hunting reserves of Nepal.

Unit 4: Anatomy and Physiology of organisms
  • Concepts on plant and animal tissues, the internal structure of dicot and monocot stems and roots, secondary growth on dicot stem; osmosis, diffusion, water absorption, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth hormones (auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins), concept on plant movement.

Unit 5: Genetics
  • Genetic materials: DNA (composition, structure, and replication), RNA (types with functions); genetic code, Mendel’s laws of inheritance, the concept of incomplete dominance and co-dominance, epistasis, polygenic inheritance (skin color in men), pleiotropic gene, linkage and crossing over, sex-linked inheritance (color blindness in man), mutation and polyploidy. 

Unit 6: Developmental Biology 
  • Angiosperms (asexual reproduction, development of male and female gametophytes, pollination and fertilization)

Unit 7: Human Biology and Health
  • Nutrition, digestion, respiration, circulation (blood groups and Rh-factor, heart structure and action), arterial and venous systems, excretion and osmoregulation; functions of endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreatic and adrenal glands); reproduction; structure and functions of eye and ear; human disease (drug abuse, alcoholism, smoking, typhoid, AIDS, cancer)

Unit 8: Application of Biology
  • Biotechnology (branches, applications in agriculture, medicine, industries, conservation, etc.), tissue culture (types, methods: sterilization, the composition of the medium and its preparation); plant breeding; green manure; concept on antibiotics and vaccines; amniocentesis and test-tube baby; genetic engineering (definition, tools, steps, applications); methods and applications of alcohol and antibiotics fermentation.

6. Subject: Aptitude 
1. Sentence Completion 
2. Analogies 
3. Word Groups 
4. Logical Reasoning 
5. Deduction 
6. Numerical Computation 
7. Numerical Estimation 
8. Numerical Reasoning 
9. Percentage, Ratio, and Proportion 
10. Data Interpretation 
11. History of Nepal 
12. Geography of Nepal 
13. General Information of PU

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