· Leaf – sheathing leaf base with parallel venation.
· Inflorescence – Raceme except for onion which is umbellate cyme.
· Flower – Trimerous, actinomorphic or zygomorphic
· Perianth – tepals 3 + 3, polypetalous, aestivation – valvate.
· Stamen
  3 + 3, epiphyllous.
· Carpel – 3, Axile placentation, tricapellary,
· Ovary  Superior and trilocular
· Fruit – Berry

Common plants of the Liliaceae Family are:
· Aloe vera
· Colchicum
· Allium cepa (Onion)
· Yucca gloriasea
· Dracaena
· Smilax aspera
· Asparagus racemosus (Asparagus)
· Gloriosa superba (Gloriosa lily)


· Inflorescence – verticillasters
· Stamen
· E.g. Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) - whole plants can be used for medicinal purposes.

High Yielding Points from TAXONOMY

1. Shapes of corolla:
a. Cruciform: cross(x) like corolla eg. Cruciferae
b. Tubular: tube-like eg. sunflower
c. Papilionaceous: butterfly shape eg. legumes
d. Bilabiate: 2 lipped eg. libiatae
e. Personate (masked): bilabiate corolla with a narrow opening

2. Types of nomenclature:
a. Holotype: Specimen used by the author to confer scientific name to species
b. Isotype: Duplicate of holotype
c. Paratype: specimen cited with the original description other than holotype or isotype
d. Neotype: If the original specimen is lost it can be substituted by another specimen collected from the same locality
e. Lectotype: Specimen selected from the original material selected to serve as nomenclature type [@ HIPaNL]

3. Famous book ‘Species Plantarum’
was written by Carolus Linnaeus but ‘Genera Plantarum by Batham and Hooker

4. In the artificial system of classification, one or two characters are considered given by Carolus Linnaeus

In the natural system of classification, a large no. of traits are considered, given by Bantham and Hooker

 Phylogenetic system of classification was given by A. Engler, Karl A. Prant and John Hutchinson.

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