A sentence pattern deals with the different structural divisions of the sentence.
There are four kinds of sentence Patterns.

1. Simple sentence: A simple sentence is one that has only one subject and only one finite verb.
a. The Earth moves around the sun.
b. Honesty is the best policy.

2. Compound Sentence: A compound sentence has two main clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions.
(Main clause + Co-ordinating Conjunction + main Clauses).
a. I am poor but I hate begging.
b. The sun shone brightening and we could move on briskly.
Note: Co-ordinating conjunction includes: and, but, as well as, for, so, still, yet, nevertheless, whereas, while, both ……. and, either ……. or, neither …. nor, not ….. but, not only ……. but also,

Things to Remember:
⮚ Two clauses are joined by relative pronouns like who, whom, whose, which, where, when forming a compound sentence if the sentence is non-defining.
He is my uncle, who always encourages me

 The remark and addition pattern also forms a compound sentence.
She slept early; So did I.
He doesn't like flattery; neither does his wife.

3. Complex Sentence: A complex sentence consists of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses (Main clause + Subordinating conjunction + dependent clause).
Years have passed since she left us.
He said that the earth is round.
Note: Sub-ordinating conjunction includes: as, as if, as though, than, as soon as, while, because, since, so that, in order to, not withstanding that, until, unless, as long as, etc.

Things to Remember:
 Relative pronouns in the Restrictive/ Defining clause forms a complex sentence.
She is the girl whom you want to marry.

 Conditional Sentence is a complex sentence.
Were he there, he would have slapped you.
If you should help me, I would be grateful.

 'But' as a relative pronoun forms a complex sentence.
There is no mother but loves her children.

⮚ The + comparative degree, The + comparative degree pattern forms a complex sentence.
The more you learn, the more marks you get.

 Imperative clause + Assertive clause/ sentence pattern forms complex sentence.
Disturb the beehive, and bees will sting you.

4. Compound-Complex Sentence: This sentence consists of two principal clauses and at least one subordinate/dependent clause.
When the teacher entered the classroom, some students were sitting and some students were standing.

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